- Events, News, PressThe first issue of the Blockchaingov Newsletter is out!We are excited to announce that the 1 st issue of the newsletter is out!Check this out if you’re interested in our recent research in the field of blockchain! Newly published papers, events, conferences and so much more! We believe in the power of #community and that knowledge should be shared and multiplied. This newsletter aims to provide updates on the projects, conferences, and events that our team members take part in. We are excited to share this first newsletter issue that we plan to publish each month. We are open to collaborations, and feedback and we are also hiring! Hope you like the material we prepared for you! Click here to read the first issue of the Blockchaingov news! > Enjoy Facebook Twitter LinkedIn [...]
- Articles, Books, News, Publications, ReportsNew Academic Papers Alert!New Academic Papers Alert ! De Filippi, P, Mannan, M. presentation of “The BlockchainGov Report on Trust and Confidence in Blockchain Technology”, in the framework of the EUI Tech Cluster research seminar series. European University Institute. 18 May 2022. Florence. Italy Our team is involved in a variety of research projects, focus groups and initiatives that aim to explore challenges of the blockchain technology. Here are some of the recently published selected papers authored by our members, advisors and affiliates: 1. De Filippi, P., Poux, P., Deffains, B. (2022) “MEV ou la tragédie des blockchains en tant que communs, in Terminal. (forthcoming) 2. Rennie, E., Zargham, M., Tan, J., Miller, L., Abbott, J., Nabben, K., De Filippi, P. (2022) “Towards a participatory digital ethnography of blockchain governance.” 3. Reijers, W., Orgad, L., De Filippi, P. (2022) “The Rise of Cybernetic Citizenship” in Citizenship Studies, Special Issue on “Digital Citizenship in the Post-Pandemic Urban Realm. 4. De Filippi, P., Mannan, M., Reijers, W. (2022) “The Alegality of Blockchain Technology”, in Policy & Society, special issue: “The Policy Dilemmas of Blockchain”. 5. De Filippi, P., Leiter, A. (2021) “Blockchain in Outer Space” in American Journal of International Law (AJIL) Unbound, special issue: “The Global Governance Implications of Blockchain” [...]
- Blog posts, Publications1st Meeting of ERC BlockchainGov ProjectAfter introductions, the agenda included sessions on Legitimacy, Outreach & Policy, OpEds, a potential documentary, PhD Consultancy, and multiple sessions on theory concerning the following topics: Blockchain, Coercion & Legitimacy: Dyzenhaus, David. 1997. “Legality and Legitimacy: Refractions from Weimar” Decentralized/Polycentric governance: Aligica, Paul D., and Vlad Tarko. 2012. “Polycentricity: From Polanyi to Ostrom, and Beyond.” Blockchain and Commons-based governance: Grisel, Florian. 2021. “How Migrations Affect Private Orders: Norms and Practices in the Fishery of Marseille“ Constitutional guarantees in blockchain tech: Suzor, Nicolas. 2018. “Digital Constitutionalism: Using the Rule of Law to Evaluate the Legitimacy of Governance by Platforms.” Stay tuned to learn more about our new scholars! From left to right: Primavera De Filippi, Morshed Mannan, Tara Merk, Philemon Poux, Vashti Maharaj (virtual), Sofia Cossar (virtual), Jamilya Kamalova (virtual), Nathan Vandy, Yann Aouidef, Simona Ramos, Wessel Reijers. [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsHow to Govern Decentralized Digital Public Goods? Blockchains Between Innovation and RegulationYouTube De Filippi, P. “How to govern decentralized digital public goods? Blockchains between innovation and regulation” panel presentation at the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) 2021, organised by the United Nations. 6 December 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Organizations, EventsEuropean Crypto-Initiative (EUCI) WorkshopCo-organiser of the first European Crypto-Initiative (EUCI) Workshop, organised in collaboration with COALA and the BlockchainGov project of the European Research Council (ERC). December 2-3, Citizen Corner Brussels, Belgium. [...]
- Events, Focus GroupsAlternative Data Futures: Cooperative Principles, Data Trusts, and the Digital EconomyDe Filippi, P., Mannan, M., Research sprint on “Alternative Data Futures: Cooperative Principles, Data Trusts, and the Digital Economy” at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society (October-December 2021) [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsDistributed Autonomous Organizations and CooperativesDe Filippi, P. “Distributed Autonomous Organizations and Cooperatives” presentation at the conference #TheNewCommonSense: Forging the Cooperative Digital Economy, organised by the Platform Cooperativism consortium. 17 November 2021 (online). [...]
- Publications, ReportsModel Law for DAOsThere are ongoing debates surrounding the legal status of DAOs, their participants and procedures. For example, how can an organization that is inherently transnational in nature, benefit from affordances such as legal personality and limited liability without incorporation in a single jurisdiction? Or conversely, how can legal requirements like “registration” & “reporting” be translated to an organization made of bits? This legal insecurity has significantly hampered the development and broader adoption of this new form of social organization. The DAO Model Law is a multistakeholder effort led by COALA (Coalition of Legal Automated Applications) to provide legal certainty for DAOs and their participants, and unlike other regulatory frameworks, accommodate flexibility for their unique features and further innovation. The Model Law seeks to strike a balance between the importance of innovation and experimental freedom in technological development, and the importance of legal protections and a sound regulatory framework in encouraging broader societal engagement with this new organizational structure. Who is the DAO Model Law aimed for? For policy-makers who wish to support the formation and management of DAOs, the DAO Model Law provides a harmonized model for legislation that still harnesses the unique properties of DAOs that make them alegal, or not currently seen by the legal system, in the first place. For instance, rather than seeking to draw DAOs within a territorial legal order, the Model Law emphasizes recognition by states, rather than registration in states, to accommodate the transnational nature of DAOs. It also combines extensive party autonomy for DAO members and separate legal personality for the DAO in order to facilitate, rather than hinder, pseudonymous participation and recognize that human-to-machine or machine-to-machine interactions can carry out valid legal acts. For participants in DAOs, the Model Law provides the benefits of legal personality, legal capacity and limited liability. Although no governmental authority could directly enforce the Model Law provisions onto a DAO, these benefits offer ample incentive to comply with the Model Law. The recognition of legal personhood for DAOs entails many rights and protections—such as the right to own assets, enter into contractual relationships, sue or be sued, and potentially benefit from a limited liability regime. Some will forgo legal recognition, preferring instead autonomy in their operation and governance. DAOs that seek legal personality and limited liability of its members might need to implement specific features and technological guarantees that accommodate important policy objectives, such as publicity about the formation and governance of business organizations. How does the DAO Model law work? The Model Law task force studied the provisions of corporate law, aiming for a light-touch approach to regulation based on the principles of functional and regulatory equivalence. Functional equivalences work as a pathway to establish the equivalence of an object that is already contemplated by legal rule and another that is not. Such equivalences broaden the means by which a regulated activity can be considered legally compliant. A well-known precedent is the UNCITRAL Model Law for Electronic Commerce, which establishes functional equivalence between a paper-based document and an electronic document. For the regulation of DAOs, the Model Law aims to establish functional equivalence between the transfer of corporate shares on the official company share registers and the use of blockchain-based infrastructure to achieve the same function. Regulatory equivalences work with a similar logic, identifying the policy objective behind any given regulation and how this same goal can be achieved through different means, in this case through the affordances of blockchain technology. To establish regulatory equivalence the Model Law holds that the publication of certain information on a publicly-accessible blockchain meets the publicity objective of corporate registration. Using these conceptual frameworks, the Model Law addresses the following points: Identification of legal corporate rules that can be fulfilled through technological guarantees in the blockchain space (e.g. smart-contract-based separation of funds, blockchain-enforced “corporate veil”, real-time audits and reporting, agency problem, etc. )Discussions on the specificities of blockchain-based organisations that must be accounted for from a legal perspective(e.g. forking, protocol changes, etc.) and elaboration of techno-legal solutions to address these specificities. Identification of legal corporate rules that do not have a technical equivalent solution (e.g., KYC identification of all participants) and elaboration of techno-legal alternatives that better account for the technical guarantees of blockchain technology.Establishing the legal foundations of ‘regulatory equivalence’ — collecting previous examples of “functional equivalence” (e.g. the UNCITRAL electronic contracts) and “regulatory equivalence” (e.g. EU ‘principle-based’ regulatory approaches). The DAO Model Law draws on lessons from model laws for flexible business organizations (e.g., OAS Model Law for the Simplified Stock Corporation) to pursue specific objectives like the uniform treatment of DAOs across States—particularly with respect to recognizing the legal personality and/or limited liability of its members. It also considers a series of new scenarios that are not encountered during the ordinary operations of more traditional organisations, by setting out procedures for hard forking decisions and remedying technical bugs or exploits that would otherwise render the DAO unoperational. It stipulates a series of governance rules for handling exceptional events such as TheDAO attack and other contentious forks, thereby mitigating both public policy concerns regarding unaccountability and participant concerns about potential joint and several liability. What’s next? The task force has already identified ways to extend the Model Law moving forward. Through a series of case studies looking at current DAO governance models and their stakeholders, the Model Law might address common problems in corporate governance, such as agency problems and conflicts of interest among multiple stakeholders, by examining how blockchain addresses these issues that would otherwise be addressed by legal means. The Model Law might also identify functional equivalence between existing corporate governance requirements and the governance procedures of DAOs and their internal controls for decision-making, participation and funds management. In the coming months the task force hopes to engage a broad audience of people and diverse stakeholders in order to raise awareness on the topics addressed, foster discussions and collaborate on the model’s continuous evolution. With this first iteration, the goal was to convene legal scholars in blockchain to bridge the gap between a variety of existing and potential activities of DAOs and the various regulatory frameworks currently or yet to be implemented in different jurisdictions. But this is only the beginning of a much longer journey: the DAO Model Law will depend on ongoing exchanges between lawyers, technologists and eventually policy makers to thoughtfully address the fast-moving landscape of blockchain-based systems and achieve broad and participatory adoption. Read the DAO Model Law in full here. Please do not hesitate to reach out to us at email@example.com if you would like to learn more or contribute to the DAO Model Law project. Choi, C., De Filippi, P., Dudley, R., Elrifai, S., Fannizadeh, F., Guillaume, F., Leiter, A., Mannan, M., McMullen, G., Riva, S., Shimony O. (2021) [...]
- Publications, ReportsFinancial Inclusion through Fintech: Building Confidence and Encouraging Adoption of Emerging Technologies in BangladeshMannan, M. & Kamal, S. (2021) In Holla, N. & Kathura, V. (eds.) Regulating Cyberspace: Perspectives from the Private Sector in Asia. ORF and Konrad-Adenauer Stiftung, New Delhi. [...]
- Books, PublicationsGlossary of Distributed TechnologiesBodo, B., De Filippi, P., Scheuermann, B., Hassan, S., Fischer, A., Palmirani, M. (eds.) (2021) Glossary of Distributed Technologies. Internet Policy Review The glossary is a project of the Blockchain and Society Policy Research Lab at University of Amsterdam, in collaboration with the P2P Models project at Complutense University, the Weizenbaum Institute in Berlin, and the The Future of Distributed Governance project at CNRS. It is supported financially thanks to European Research Council grants. [...]
- Books, PublicationsSolidarity in the Sharing Economy: The Role of Platform Cooperatives at the Base of the PyramidMannan, M., Pek, S. (2021) “Solidarity in the Sharing Economy: The Role of Platform Cooperatives at the Base of the Pyramid.” In: Qureshi I., Bhatt B., Shukla D.M. (eds) Sharing Economy at the Base of the Pyramid: Opportunities and Challenges. Springer, Singapore. [...]
- Books, PublicationsLe Ius artificiale entre intériorité et boîte noire: Le droit de l’IA est-il soluble dans le droit?Aidan, G., De Filippi, P. (2022) “Le Ius artificiale entre intériorité et boîte noire : Le droit de l’IA est-il soluble dans le droit? » in Gentelet, K. (Ed.) “Social Justice & AI”, Laval University Press (forthcoming). [...]
- Books, PublicationsCompliance with FATF Recommendation 15: Prospects and Challenges of Adopting Emerging Technologies in BangladeshMannan, M., Gazi, S. (2022) “Compliance with FATF Recommendation 15: Prospects and Challenges of Adopting Emerging Technologies in Bangladesh” in Azinge-Egbiri, Esoimeme & Ryder (eds.) Global Anti-Money Laundering Standards: Errors in Transplantation and Unintended Consequences for Developing Countries, Oxford University Press (forthcoming) [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsBlockchain Technology as a Catalyst for Blockchain InnovationDe Filippi, P. “Blockchain Technology as a Catalyst for Blockchain Innovation”, presentation for the “New Models of Urban Governance: Experimenting with Technology” session at the “In The City” conference organised by Strelka in St. Petersburg, Russia. 30 October 2021 (online) [...]
- Conference Organizations, Events, Focus GroupsLegitimacy in the Metaverse: The Case of DecentralandDe Filippi, P., Mannan, M., Promoter and organizer of two Focus Groups on “Legitimacy in the Metaverse: The Case of Decentraland” as part of the ERC Blockchain Gov project. 10 September & 7 October 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsCreative NFTs: Using Blockchain Technology and NFTs to Support Creative CommonsDe Filippi, P. “Creative NFTs: Using Blockchain Technology and NFTs to Support Creative Commons”, talk presentation at the Creative Commons Global Summit 2021. 23 September 2021 (online) [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsWill the Revolution be Tokenized? Assessing Blockchain’s Promise and Progress in the Public SphereDe Filippi, P. “Will the Revolution be Tokenized? Assessing Blockchain’s Promise and Progress in the Public Sphere”, panel presentation at the OECD Global Blockchain Policy Forum 2021. 15 September 2021 (online) [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsBlockchain is a Platypus: A New Theory of Rapid Technological EvolutionDe Filippi, P., Lane, A., Potts, J. “Blockchain is a Platypus: A New Theory of Rapid Technological Evolution” presented at the 18th ISS Conference organised by the International Joseph Schumpeter Society on “Schumpeterian perspective on Radical Change: Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and Broad Societal Transformations”. 8-10 July 2021. [...]
- Conference Organizations, Events, Reading GroupsExtitutional TheoryPromoter and co-organiser of the working group on “Extitutional Theory” at the Berkman-Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, as part of the ERC Blockchain Gov project (weekly reading group, running weekly from Jan to June 2021). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsThe Promises and Pitfalls of Platform Cooperative Governance: A Qualitative StudyMannan, M. (with Pek, S.) “The Promises and Pitfalls of Platform Cooperative Governance: A Qualitative Study”, paper presentation for International Co-operative Governance Symposium, Sobey School of Business, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, Canada. 18 June 2021 (online) [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsBlockchains and Crypto-Commons: Community Governance Through Decentralized SystemsDe Filippi, P. “Blockchains and Crypto-Commons: Community Governance Through Decentralized Systems” panel presentation for the session “Are Blockchain Commons Actually a Commons?” at the IASC 2021 Knowledge Commons Conference. 10 June 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsTowards a Legal Framework for Platform Cooperatives: Potential and ObstaclesMannan, M., “Towards a Legal Framework for Platform Cooperatives: Potential and Obstacles”, paper presented at Virtual Expert Group Meeting on The Role of Cooperatives in Economic and Social Development: Recover Better from the COVID-19 Pandemic organised by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs and International Co-operative Alliance. 4 June 2021. [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsWhy Blockchain Governance Matters for BangladeshMannan, M., “Why Blockchain Governance Matters for Bangladesh”, presented at Blockchain Economy Summit 2021: The Upcoming Impact of Blockchain in Bangladesh, organized by FASSET and Inspiring Bangladesh, sponsored by the ICT Division of the Government of Bangladesh. 25 May 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, Events, Focus GroupsAsia Pacific PerspectivesMannan, M., “Asia Pacific Perspectives”, presented at “International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) Consultation on Cooperative Law” for UN Secretary General Report on Cooperatives in Social Development 2021, organized by the International Co-operative Alliance and UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 24 May 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsGenerative & Autonomous Art – Protocols: Implications for Copyright LawDe Filippi, P. “Generative & Autonomous Art – Protocols: Implications for Copyright Law” presented at the International Conference on AI Art organized by the College of Design & Innovation at Tongji University. 20 May 2021 (online) [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsSelf-Sovereign Identity, Trust in Next-Generation InternetDe Filippi, P., “Self-Sovereign Identity in a Globalized World: Credentials-Based Identity Systems as a Driver for Economic Inclusion“, presented at the seminar “Self-Sovereign Identity, Trust in Next-Generation Internet” organized by the European Commission, DG-Connect. 17 May 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsMake Your Own Economy: The Tokenization of EverythingDe Filippi, P., “Make Your Own Economy: The Tokenization of Everything” presentation at the Center for Innovation, Technology and Organisation (CITO) Lecture at University College Dublin. April 13th, 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Organizations, EventsLa blockchain : enjeux juridiques, économiques, de sécurité et de coûts énergétiquesCo-organiser of a workshop on “La blockchain : enjeux juridiques, économiques, de sécurité et de coûts énergétiques” organised by CERSA and LITEM, in collaboration with CREIS-Terminal. 26 March 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Organizations, EventsTheorizing Extitutions : Faites Rhizome et pas Racine!Promoter and organiser of the seminar “Theorizing Extitutions : Faites Rhizome et pas Racine!” organized as part of the ERC Blockchain Gov project, in collaboration with COALA. Feb 15th – 20th, 2021. (Château du Fey, France). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsSharing is Caring: Legal & Technical Frameworks for Data SharingDe Filippi, P.: “Sharing is Caring: Legal & Technical Frameworks for Data Sharing”, presented at session on “Data Governance Act: Data protection meets competition, IP rights, and innovation” of the Computer Privacy Data Protection (CPDP) conference. 27-29 January 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsData as Infrastructure and Infrastructure for Data-SharingDe Filippi, P.: “Data as Infrastructure and Infrastructure for Data-Sharing” presented at the “Data and Policy Seminar” of the Next-Generation Internet (NGI) initiative of the European Commission. 20 January 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsBlockchain Technology and Financial Regulation: A Risk-Based Approach to the Regulation of ICOsCollomb, A., De Filippi, P.: “Blockchain Technology and Financial Regulation: A Risk-Based Approach to the Regulation of ICOs” presented in the framework of a research lecture series on “Financial Technologies” organised by the EU-funded “FinTech Risk Management project”. 8 January 2021 (online). [...]
- Conference Presentations, EventsBlockchain as a Confidence Machine: The Problem of Trust and Challenges of GovernanceDe Filippi, P., Mannan, M., Reijers, W.: “Blockchain as a Confidence Machine: The Problem of Trust and Challenges of Governance” presented at the seminar on “Trust & Regulatory Governance in the Age of Crisis” organised by TIGRE (Trust in governance and Regulation in Europe). 7 January 2021 (online). [...]
This Research Topic turns to the under-discussed and under-studied questions of governance within the communities that online platforms host: How do users develop governance rules and informal norms? What is the legitimacy of these rules, and how are they enforced? What is the extent to which users with moderator roles are held accountable for their decisions? What are the sanctions available to these communities?
A special section of Internet Policy Review, the “Glossary of decentralised technosocial systems” is an interdisciplinary glossary on peer-to-peer, user-centric and privacy-enhancing decentralised technologies. In order to tackle the existing gap in shared semantics, this glossary converges the efforts of experts from various disciplines to build a shared vocabulary on the social, technical, economic, political aspects of decentralised, distributed or sovereign technologies.
Les articles proposés engageront un cadre théorique et présenteront une étude de terrain sur les chaînes de blocs ou leurs acteurs. Ils apporteront un point de vue critique sur les méthodes et/ou les cadres théoriques mobilisés pour étudier les enjeux des chaînes de blocs. Une attention particulière sera portée aux questions des libertés et de protection des données personnelles et de la vie privée.
This call invites artists, researchers and academics to reflect on the implications of blockchain technology on artistic practices, looking at non-fungible tokens (NFTs) as a means to create a whole new system of artificial scarcity in the digital art realm.
Technoetic Arts welcomes original research articles for issue 19.3, ‘Cryptoart: The Paradox of Digital Scarcity’, which will explore the full spectrum of positions related to the creation, existence and impact of ‘crypto culture’
Reijers, W., Dupont, Q. (2021) Prolegomenon to Contemporary Ethics of Machine Translation. In Escartin, C. and Moniz, H. Title. Heidelberg: Springer. Forthcoming.
In recent years, we have witnessed growing interest at the intersection of two important phenomena: the rise of the sharing economy and long-standing interest in tackling pressing social and environmental issues at the base of the pyramid (BoP). While the sharing economy offers potential in tackling these issues, we argue on the basis of a growing body of research that its contemporary manifestations have largely failed to live up to their potential. We argue that an important reason for this is that research and practice have tended to focus on corporate forms of sharing platforms and have largely neglected their cooperative peers. In this chapter, we first distinguish corporate platforms from a nascent group of platform cooperatives before developing a typology of platform cooperatives in the BoP. This typology builds on early efforts to construct typologies of platform cooperatives in the Global North and thereby highlights various cases that show potential in overcoming the limitations of corporate platforms while offering important social and environmental benefits. Our typology helps identify areas for future applications and development of platform cooperativism and points to important areas of future research in both BoP contexts and beyond.
Incorporating the work of numerous leading scholars, the Encyclopedia of Public International Law in Asia provides a detailed description of the practice and implementation of international law in various Asian states. The Encyclopedia covers the introduction of Western international law and the resulting shift from the older Asian order; the development of modern international law; and the impact that all of this has had on Asian states.
De Filippi, P. (2021) “Digital Assets, Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology” in “Fintech & Law”, FGV Direito São Paulo. (forthcoming)
Le Ius artificiale entre intériorité et boîte noire: Le droit de l’IA est-il soluble dans le droit?
Aidan, G., De Filippi, P. (2022) “Le Ius artificiale entre intériorité et boîte noire : Le droit de l’IA est-il soluble dans le droit? » in Gentelet, K. (Ed.) “Social Justice & AI”, Laval University Press (forthcoming).